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### Course Details

Course Department: Department of Physics PHY 131 Gener Physics I:Mechanical,Wave and Thermodynamics 6 1st Cycle (Bachelor's Degree) 1 Fall Semester 2 (1.5 hours per lecture) -- 1 (1 hours per lecture) To deepen the students understanding and application of concepts of Newtonian Mechanics such as energy, linear momentum and angular momentumTo familiarize students with problem solving using differential and integral calculus basic principlesTo present the students with the basic principles/concepts of wavesTo introduce students to basic principles/concepts of ThermodynamicsTo develop students' basic intuition in scientific methodology in Mechanics, Waves and Thermodynamics and to create the basis for the next advanced courses of their degree It is expected that the students of the course will be able to:To thoroughly comprehend and apply basic principles of kinematics and dynamics using appropriate mathematical toolsTo understand in depth the concepts of motion, kinetic and dynamic energy, linear and angular momentum and to use them to explain natural phenomenaTo become familiar with the definition and application of new concepts and physical quantities of Newtonian Mechanics such as relative velocity, center of mass and the principle of angular momentum conservationTo obtain experience in understanding and solving problems of rotational dynamics of rigid bodiesTo understand the mathematical description of oscillations and mechanical wavesTo become familiar with basic concepts of thermodynamics such as heat, internal energy, heat capacity, etc., and gain experience in solving simple thermodynamic problemsTo understand the zero and first thermodynamic laws and become familiar with simple applications and problem solving using the two lawsTo be introduced into introductory concepts of kinetic gas theory Not Applicable Not Applicable Kinematics: Instant and Average Speed-Acceleration, Examples of Motion in 2 DimensionsNewton's Laws and Applications, Friction and Fluid Resistance, Circular Relative MotionKinetic/Potential Energy, Work, Conservative and Non-Conservative Forces, Energy Conservation PrincipleLinear Momentum and Principle of Conservation, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Center of MassRotation of Rigid Bodies: Angular Speed-Acceleration, Torque, Moment of Inertia, Rolling without Slipping, Rotational Energy, Angular Momentum and Principle of ConservationPeriodic Motion: Simple Harmonic Oscillator: Equations and Energy, Simple and Physical PendulumMechanical Waves: Mathematical Wave Description, Speed- Acceleration-Wave EnergyIntroduction to Thermodynamics: Temperature, Calorimetry, Thermal Equilibrium, Thermal Expansion, Heat and Heat Conduction MechanismIdeal Gases: Kinetic Gas Theory, the Ideal Gas Equation, Internal Energy, First Thermodynamic Law, Heat Capacity, Thermodynamic Processes, Diagrams P-V-T 1.5-hour and 1-hour lectures containing:Brief review of previous lectureBasic theoryExamples of practical applications of the theoryDiscussion on the lecture, student questionsProblem solving by the lecturerEvery week a set of (5-8) exercises are given to students as homework (not graded). The solutions are uploaded and selected exercises are solved in the lectures with the participation of the students.Additional exercises are solved in tutorial hours by a teaching assistant.Discussion on questions about theory/exercises at office hours or other hours upon consultation with the lecturer. H.D. Young, University Physics with Modern Physics, Volume A: Mechanics-Thermodynamics, Παπαζήση, (Greek Translation).Haliday-Resnick-Walker, Gutenberg, Physics, Volume A, Mechanics- Waves-Thermodynamics (Greek Translation).Serway-Jewett, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Κλειδάριθμος, (Greek Translation). 1st Midterm Exam (1/3 of the course content), 25% of the final grade2nd Midterm Exam, (1/3 of the course content), 25% of the final gradeFinal Exam, (all course content), 50% of the final grade Greek Face-To-Face Not Applicable